What is Food Biotechnology? Definition
Food Biotechnology is a branch of food science with the use of technology to modify food source genes to produce food that is more durable, more disease resistant, or more nutritious. With rising food prices and feeding an increasingly increasing global population, this adds to the problem. This is one factor to focus on the benefits of biotechnology in food. Food Biotechnology Research is also concentrated on food preservation. With food sources such as plants and animals in general, can create new plant and animal species using food bio technology. Plants and animals are devoted to those that can be eaten. All of that refers to modern biotechnology advances and genetic engineering techniques.
So far biotechnology has shown promising benefits for increasing food production and production for a developing world population, especially in agricultural biotechnology. Agricultural biotechnology can reduce pesticide pollution, increase food and high quality. In addition, food biotechnology offers many benefits for food companies, consumers and the environment. Below are some of the benefits of biotechnology:
Agricultural Biotechnology for Environmental Benefits
How has biotechnology improved farming and modern agriculture? The researchers use biotechnology to improve the benefits of food processing to be more environmentally friendly. This allows farmers to use fewer chemicals, such as pesticides and herbicides while maintaining healthy and high-yield crops. They are trying to make some biotechnology and food combinations, like potatoes with more disease resistance, which require less chemical spray to protect it.
Using less spray means less air, soil and water pollution. It also benefits consumers who might worry about ingesting chemicals when they eat fruits and vegetables. Biotech crops require less plowing and tiling because many plants are modified to be resistant to herbicides, which can be used more selectively. Use conservation tillage, help save water from rainfall and irrigation, increase water absorption, limit erosion and soil compaction, and create healthier soils.
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Biotechnology Food has Greater Results
Biotechnology makes it possible to achieve greater results. With science can increase flowering capacity and increase photosynthesis or nutrient intake. Plants can survive better against pest attacks. Plants can repel insects and have better tolerance to herbicides. To increase the production of certain plant components, genetic engineering can be carried out. Greater results can be achieved using Biotechnology.
Food Biotechnology Makes Food Fresh
The development of Biotechnology in the food industry will show a trend with the development of new varieties of food additives with excellent and freshness that is maintained. Often farmers need more time to mature. Food biotechnology allows the production of vegetables and fruit to ripen faster and have a fresher taste. Some foods have benefited from biotechnology, for example In planting fruit Tomatoes which have delayed ripening properties will have a better taste, stay fresh longer and hold transportation better than traditional tomatoes. With that, the benefits of food biotechnology can help produce foods that are more awake fresh.
Food Biotechnology can Protect Food
Protection of food is very important to do in agriculture because it can affect the yield given the rest protection for consumers who eat it. It turns out that food biotechnology also helps agriculture to protect plants from insects and viruses, thereby reducing the number of pesticides used in agriculture. With the reduction of pesticides, the impact on the environment will be protected such as contributing to a cleaner water supply and animal welfare. Food biotechnology minimizes the risk of diseases transmitted through food because it can detect bacteria and viruses in it.
Biotechnology to Grow More Food on Less Land
It is inconceivable if some farmers have not enough land to grow more vegetables or fruits. However, with the help of Biotechnology, it is possible for farmers to grow more food even on less land by using environmentally friendly agricultural practices. With technology, farmers can help plants fight disease and adapt to environmental pressures and climate change. Increase the nutritional content of food and improve human health through therapies produced by plants. The benefits of biotechnology are very significant to our increasing demand for food, especially in developing countries that require large amounts of food.
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What Does a Biotechnologist Do?
People began to change their views about biotech food when they realized the environmental, economic and nutritional benefits they could get from Food Biotechnology advances. In addition, increasing demand for food and bio-fuel throughout the world accelerates wider acceptance of biotech food in the market. Applying food biotechnology can also provide healthier food for humans and animals. Foods with improved nutritional properties can cause something positive for health. Through food biotechnology, it can help fight chronic diseases by providing healthier compounds.
The main purpose of food biotech is to provide more food on less land that has new nutrients. The availability of biotech or GMO foods is increasing and many more are still under development. Most of the available products have been modified, such as pest and disease resistance, which can help prevent farmers from failing. Nutritionally enhanced biotech foods are the main focus of research and have shown some promising products. Many products that are being developed use biological technician to provide nutritional benefits, such as new golden rice containing beta-carotene and iron. Researchers have found ways to make foods, such as soybeans and peanuts, with fewer allergens thus eliminating the offending proteins that cause most allergic reactions in humans.