What is Genetic Engineering?
Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering is an interesting topic of interest for scientists or many people, before going further there first to know, What is Genetic Engineering? The definition of Genetic Engineering is a process of manipulating the structure of genes in living organisms to change the characteristics and characteristics of an organism. This can be done through altering, deleting and inserting specific genes in an organism’s DNA. The use of modifications allows changes in life forms to be mutually beneficial between species and other species. By helping organisms change bad traits for the better. Genetic engineering technology has the potential to save millions of lives and on the other hand, has the potential to cause significant damage.
Sometimes we hear that genetic engineering only has the potential for human survival or access to food. It turns out that this tool offers a process that has broad benefits so that it can benefit almost every aspect of life in a certain way. One way to begin to advantages of genetic engineering process is to use bacterial cells in a way where they can start producing human insulin for diabetic patients. Diabetes patients are first treated with swine insulin, before allowing treatment with genetic engineering. All this, not only reduces the number of adverse reactions to treatment because the immune system is involved. However, it is possible to involve more people during treatment to reduce the burden given.
What are the Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering?
The implementation of technology such as genetic engineering is often questioned by many people. Which one has more potential by comparing the pros and cons of genetic engineering before using this approach and considering when evaluating this science. Here are some genetic engineering pros and cons:
Pros of Genetic Engineering
- Potential to Increase Age
Genetic engineering has the potential to increase the overall age range by minimizing disease and infection. So are there gene therapy pros and cons? Effective vaccines and gene therapy can be used to treat conditions that allow death. The application of this Engineering can improve human health because it can improve the sequence and chromosomes that lead to serious health conditions for each individual. Although the treatment process will certainly overcome genetic diseases first, genetic engineering reduces the risk of cancer, prolongs life, and provides a cure for the disease.
- Fighting Disease
The fact is humans are very susceptible to various diseases that enter the body. The disease can originate from genetic mutations caused by environmental mutagens or it may be due to genes inherited from our parents. With genetic engineering, healing can be done in diseases by changing and repairing damaged genes.
- Can Make Plants Have Resistance To Disease
Genetic engineering has good potential when used in aspects of agriculture. It is possible to make plants resistant to viral diseases, pesticides, herbicides, and pests even when still in seed form. Resistant to various viral diseases, insects, pesticides, and herbicides. For example, it involves the At-DBF2 plant gene. Scientists insert genes into tomato cells, plants can begin to increase their resistance levels to deal with poor climate conditions and poor soil nutrient intake. This process can be used to reduce the level of food damage. This ensures that the plants will be maintained.
- Improve Food Nutrition
Genetic engineering can produce new substances that can enter the human food chain properly. Adding nutrients, protein, and other items to the food needed by the population to encourage a better overall health level. The nutritional value of plants can be improved by using biotechnology.
- Increase Harvest Results
At present plants such as tomatoes, rice and potatoes are undergoing genetic engineering as a way to provide better nutritional quality so that they can increase yields. With a very fast global population, it does need more food for mass consumption. This process allows plants to grow in soil that is not suitable for planting and can produce increased yields.
- Improve soil quality
To increase access to higher food is through the use of artificial fertilizers on the ground. Adding nutrients allows better soil quality. So that it can grow plants on unsuitable soil though. When too many plants are put into the soil, the salt will flow through the existing water supply. Genetic Engineering can improve groundwater tables to adapt to existing conditions.
- Improve medicines
The genetic engineering process is the best solution to improve medicines currently available to patients. This approach can make the pharmaceutical aspect particularly safer. The fact can be seen in the tools used for the treatment of growth hormone in humans. With this technological advancement, it is possible to treat health problems with fewer resources. Because this approach has contributed a lot to the potential medicines used.
Cons of Genetic Engineering
- Ecological balance can be disturbed
The ecological imbalance will arise when humans disturb the natural balance of an ecosystem or natural disturbance. When an organism’s genes are damaged it will affect the entire web of life. It can be said that damaging one organism can damage the entire ecological balance. It is not possible for humans to safely develop genetic technology without facing this increasing process directly.
- Allows creating new diseases
In the treatment of genetic conditions for the possible results obtained sometimes not in line with expectations. At present, very diverse approaches in this field are expected to create temporary benefits. As well as in the attention to the development of diseases that may occur. To reduce the development of the disease, it seems that it is not yet optimal, resulting in some of them being able to develop Like influenza disease that does have the ability to infect humans.
- Can weaken genetic diversity and not beneficial
With the implementation of genetic engineering, changing the genetic structure of various organisms can cause unwanted mutations. With that, it can attack and even reduce the genetic diversity that exists. Likewise, when making changes to species that go out into the wild, they have a negative impact on species that do not change. This process will have a negative impact if it can occur because it can ultimately weaken genetic diversity with the strength of the species resulting from the change that will defeat other species.
- Some foods can reduce the nutritional value
When genetic engineering is applied to food manufacturing it is possible to create new products that can be distributed to global markets. However, when development occurs it requires more food to make the same nutritional response. Even without realizing it will decrease the nutritional value due to product development that is too much and fast. For example, at the Chicken Meat supplier, their shipments to the market have decreased thirty days in the past hundred years. These benefits come by providing a higher fat content than the nutritional value.
- Increasing hazardous chemicals on agriculture
Genetic engineering techniques genetically modified organisms with the aim to be resistant to herbicides and pesticides. But by using Genetically Modified Organisms, certainly, there are chemicals to support the goal that can be achieved. There are some shortcomings in this regard, such as building the resilience of individuals who need stronger chemicals. From this cycle, it is possible for harmful substances to accumulate in plants and can have an impact on health.
- Potential to have unexpected side effects
When scientists conduct experiments to overcome problems with the cellular structure of plants and animals, it is possible to create unexpected side effects. It is possible to change an organism so that it requires less water to survive. This result occurs at the expense of creating life forms that are intolerant of direct sunlight.
- Negative interactions with other species.
Genetic engineering can create a series of hybrids that make it possible to use a natural cross-pollination process. As for making new food products that have an impact on plants or animals may not be consumed anymore. Is it a necessity to use scientific resources to progress without interacting with other species. Maybe this will be a bad craving for future generations of humans.
Regarding the pros and cons of genetic engineering can show us that biotechnology is still new and controversial, does have the potential to create new innovations regarding food resources, agriculture, health or others. Some advantages of genetic engineering and worries might occur as described above. That is why there must be a consideration before pursuing the process as a whole and hoping that side effects can immediately get the best solution.