Urgent!! 100 Facts About DNA You Need to Know – 2019

100 Facts About DNA – Here are Some Interesting Facts About DNA

100 facts about DNA, also known as Deoxyribonucleic Acid, are actually molecules. DNA is a group of atoms that stick together. DNA is a kind of guidebook or blueprint on how to build life. From plants to animals, DNA defines us all.

 

Below are 10/100 Facts About DNA;

  1. 20 Percent of Neanderthal DNA Lives in Humans

Genetic studies on ancient Neanderthal DNA became possible in the late 1990s. The Neanderthal genome project, which was founded in 2006, presents the Neanderthal genome which was completely sequenced in 2013. The time difference between Neanderthal lineages and modern humans was estimated between 750,000 and 400,000 years ago. A more recent time depth has been suggested by Endicott et al.

People living outside of Africa currently have genes consisting of 1 to 4 percent of Neanderthal DNA. Combined, these different remnants form one fifth of Neanderthal DNA. It’s mainly found in genes that make keratin, which affects our hair and skin. Neanderthal skin color genes are still found in 70 percent of Europeans.

  1. DNA Has been traced back for 300,000 Years

Humans are the only member of the Hominina subtrib that still exists. Together with chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans, they are part of the Hominidae family. As land animals, humans are characterized by upright posture and bipedal movements, manual dexterity and high use of heavy equipment compared to other animals.

Scientists report that they have found an ancient Y chromosome in an African-American man in South Carolina. It has been intact for 338,000 years, ahead of the earliest known modern human fossils. Chromosomes carry mutations that match those found in people from the Mbo tribe in Cameroon.

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  1. Your genome contains an ancient virus

In July, scientists reported that strange proteins flowed through the blood vessels of pregnant women. Nobody was sure what it was there for. What makes this protein, called Hemo, very unusual is that it is not made by mother. Instead, it is made in the fetus and in the placenta, by genes originally derived from viruses that infected our ancestors of mammals more than 100 million years ago.

Eight percent of our genome consists of retrovirus 100 Facts about DNA. This is a virus that has been inherited for so long that most of it has mutated and is helpless in your system. But some retroviruses can take on new life, as in people with HIV and some viruses that trigger cancer.

  1. The Human Genome contains 3 Billion base pairs of DNA

The human genome contains about 3 billion base pairs, which are in 23 pairs of chromosomes in the nucleus of all our cells. Each chromosome contains hundreds to thousands of genes, which carry instructions for making proteins. Each cell has 3 billion base pairs or chemical letters. If the letters are typed, it will take almost 30 years of continuous typing.

  1. We can sort fetal DNA with Saliva and Blood

What if you could read a lot about your child’s medical future while still in the womb? Scientists have now accurately predicted almost all the genomes of the unborn child by sequencing DNA from maternal blood and DNA from father’s saliva. The sample itself can help detect genetic diseases in offspring without the need for invasive procedures.

  1. Genes only make up 3 Percent of Your DNA

Now scientists at Oxford have analyzed the human genome and claim that less than 10 percent of our DNA is functioning. The other 97 percent is considered DNA waste to date. Scientists have discovered that this noncoded 100 Facts about DNA controls your gene activity. It contains switches that turn genes on or off and program other compounds.

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  1. We are 99.9 Percent the same

All humans are 99.9 percent identical 100 Facts about DNA and, from that small 0.1 percent difference, there is a variation of 94 percent among individuals from the same population and only six percent among individuals from different populations. Not to get rid of your unique genealogy tree, but basically it’s the same as someone else’s. But similarity is important, that’s what makes you human.

  1. We are almost 98 Percent Identical with Chimpanzees

Humans and chimp DNA are very similar because the two species have a very close relationship. Humans, chimpanzees and bonobos descended from a single ancestral species that lived six or seven million years ago. As humans and chimpanzees evolved gradually from the same ancestors, their 100 Facts about DNA, which was passed down from generation to generation, also changed.

In fact, many of these DNA changes cause differences between the appearance and behavior of humans and chimpanzees. We are only 1.2 percent genetically different from chimpanzees. Our last common ancestor lived around 6 million years ago. We are very close to gorillas, but 7 percent are different from rhesus monkeys. After billions of years of evolution, we share genes with all living things on earth.

  1. Our DNA can Stretch from Earth to the Sun 600 Times

If not dissolved and linked together, the DNA strands in each cell will become 6 feet. With 100 trillion cells in your body, that means that the total DNA in your body can take hundreds of trips back to the sun and back. For me, this is one of the most amazing 100 Facts about DNA.

  1. Your Girlfriend can Smell Your DNA

Research has shown that women are more attracted to the scent of men with different genetic codes than themselves. Differences in DNA can increase opportunities for healthy children. So, what you think is chemistry is actually 100 Facts about DNA.

These Other Interesting DNA Facts

  1. DNA stores all the information that makes up any organism. But what’s interesting about DNA is that DNA is made from cytosine, thymine, guanine and adenine.
  2. There are some ancient viruses that are used to infect humans but today, 8% of human DNA is actually made from those ancient viruses.
  3. 99.9% DNA is identical in all humans on this Earth. The remaining 0.1% is what helps us to distinguish between DNA sequences which allows us to know which DNA belongs to whom.
  4. DNA was first discovered in 1869 by a man named Friedrich Miescher.
  5. It was only in 1943 that scientists became aware of the fact that genetic information is stored in 100 Facts about DNA. Before that, it was believed that genetic information was stored in proteins.
  6. DNA damage can be caused by UV rays of the Sun. Damage can also be caused due to transcription errors.
  7. According to research, 100 Facts about DNA has a half-life of 521 years. This means that the oldest animals or organisms that can be cloned back to life cannot be more than 2 million years old. So, replicating dinosaurs was absolutely impossible because they went extinct 65 million years ago.
  8. Our Earth Orbit is a memory device known as the ‘Eternal Drive’. This device is actually inside the International Space Station and contains digital DNA sequences for Lance Armstrong, Stephen Colbert, Stephen Hawking and others.
  9. The earth has no phosphate. Meteors are responsible for bringing reduced phosphorus to earth which is then oxidized to form phosphates and thus creates mechanisms that produce RNA and 100 Facts about DNA.
  10. DNA is able to replicate or duplicate itself, that is, it can make copies of itself and this is important during cell division.

That’s some info about the 100 Facts about DNA and DNA Facts. I hope this article can help you to get the information you need. Thank you for visiting my site.